Long ago during the 5th century BC, the Chinese played a game named “ti jian zi” meaning “Kicking the shuttle”. They played with the intention of hitting the shuttle without using their hands such that it doesn’t fall on the ground.
Much later, a game named “Battledore and Shuttlecock” was played in some parts of the world. It was more popular in India by the British Military officers particularly in Poona (now called Pune) and the game also started being called “Poona”. It was later taken back to England by the retired British officials where the rules were set, clubs were created and the game was taken a lot more seriously.
The saddest part is no one ever knows why “Badminton” became to be adopted as the official name of the sport, though many stories revolve around it. In 1875, retired military officials returning to England from India formed a club in Folkestone and for a long time the sport was being played under the same rules that prevailed in India. Much later, the rules were standardized to suit the sport at an international level. The competition started in September of 1899 named “All England Open Badminton Championships” was the first Badminton championship in the world.
Though the sport was started in England, it has been traditionally dominated by Denmark. However, the most dominant players have been from the Asian countries (Indonesia, South Korea, China, and Malaysia) and have consistently producing world class players for the past few decades.